PHENOMENON: Why is the water at the beach so cold in June when the air temperature is so hot?
Regents Core Curriculum
- Energy can exist in different forms, such as chemical, electrical, electromagnetic, thermal, mechanical, and nuclear. (4.1a)
- Heat is a transfer of energy (usually thermal energy) from a body of higher temperature to a body of lower temperature. Thermal energy is the energy associated with the random motion of atoms and molecules. (4.2a)
- Temperature is a measurement of the average kinetic energy of the particles in a sample of material. Temperature is not a form of energy. (4.2b)
- The concepts of kinetic and potential energy can be used to explain physical processes that include: fusion (melting), solidification (freezing), vaporization (boiling, evaporation), condensation, sublimation, and deposition. (4.2c)
- A physical change results in the rearrangement of existing particles in a substance. A chemical change results in the formation of different substances with changed properties. (3.2a)
- Chemical and physical changes can be exothermic or endothermic. (4.1b)